Curriculum and Course Descriptions

Harding Academy teaches students to love others as Christ loves them, to think creatively and learn with open minds, and to live courageously to the glory of God. 

Harding Academy’s lower school curriculum is designed to meet the needs of individuals and allows them to become independent learners. Using unique grade level learning expectations that are continuously evaluated and revised, teachers guide children through exciting, interactive learning experiences that focus on critical thinking, problem solving, and real-life application. Project-based learning experiences coupled with student-driven instruction and learning centers help children to gain knowledge and develop the necessary skills to be successful in school and in the future.

Programming for upper school students includes a challenging and robust liberal arts offering, with honors, Advanced Placement, and dual enrollment classes—in conjunction with Christian Brothers University and the University of Memphis. Recent additions to course offerings include Introduction to Engineering, Programming and Solids Modeling, Digital Arts, and African American History. This summer, three of Harding’s AP teachers served as readers for AP exams in the areas of calculus, English, and history. In addition, a Harding teacher was one of only sixteen teachers in the country named an Innovative Educator by PBS.

Harding's state of the art chemistry laboratory encourages learning with equipment on par with industry standards. Harding’s unique structuring of its visual arts program has resulted in deeper 2-D and 3-D experiences and a more competitive advantage for students as they enter college. Harding’s performing arts programs—vocal and instrumental music and theatre—continue to win awards for excellence.


Curriculum Grids

Little Harding

SK–Grade 5

Middle School


Middle and Upper School Course Descriptions

Click the heading to expand and view each category.

+ BIBLE

Old Testament Narratives
Grade Level: 6

This class focuses on the most important Old Testament stories, following the commitment of God to his people and building a textual foundation for future study.

New Testament Narratives
Grade Level: 7

This class focuses on the most important New Testament stories, witnessing the story of Jesus and his message while building a textual foundation for future study.

Christian Formation
Grade Level: 8

In this class, students practically work at learning to connect with God in a way that brings spiritual growth, character, and influence.

The Story of the Old Testament
Grade Level: 9

In this course students will discover a thematic overview of the entire Old Testament as one story of God’s kingdom in the world, as seen in the life of rebellious Israel. The purpose of this course is to stitch the individual stories of the Old Testament back together as one story that still informs our life as God’s people in this world today.

The Story of Jesus
Grade Level: 10

This Bible course is a study of the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as recorded in the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. The goal of this course is for the student to gain a deeper understanding of the identity of Jesus as God and Savior and to appreciate the selfless life he asks us to adopt.

The Story of the Church
Grade Level: 11

While studying the story of the church, students will embark on a deeper exploration of the New Testament from the birth of the church in Acts to the prophecy of God’s coming kingdom in Revelation. Emphasis is placed on understanding the basic teachings of Christianity, how disciples are to follow the Way of Christ, and how best to interpret New Testament letters.

21st Century Christian
Grade Level: 12

In this capstone year, students will learn how to live the way of Jesus in a culture that is increasingly secular, pluralistic, and contrary to the ethics of Christ. The intent is to help form Christians who are equipped to think and live like Jesus and explain their worldview. Topics will include evidences that a faith in God, the Bible, and Jesus Christ is reasonable; an inquiry into various spiritual disciplines; and Christian living in career, dating, and marriage.

Introduction to the Bible
Grade level: 9–11


This class is tailored to first-year students who come to Harding Academy without an extensive knowledge of the Bible. Students will be introduced to the structure, purpose, major characters and events, message of individual books, and overall story of the Bible. Upon successful completion, students will enter the regular grade-level Bible classes the next year.

Honors Religions & Ethics
Grade level: 10–12

The first semester of this academic, text-oriented religion offering will explore the history, beliefs, and customs of the world's significant religions and philosophies: Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Wicca, Confucianism, Sikhism, Secular Humanism, and others. The second semester will investigate various philosophical systems people have for determining personal and social ethics. With this foundation in hand, students will explore specific ethical issues and develop provisional ethical views on topics such as abortion, euthanasia, capital punishment, war, torture, drugs, poverty, economic justice, intellectual property, sexuality, gay rights, animal rights, environmental responsibility, and more. As an elective, this class is taken in addition to the student's regular Bible class.

+ ENGLISH

English
Grade Level: 6

English 6 is designed to build a foundation for the students’ basic grammar skills, their vocabulary skills, and their ability to express themselves effectively through speech and composition. Students will begin to develop an appreciation for various types of literature. In grammar, students will focus on the building blocks needed to create meaningful sentences and paragraphs. In literature, students will be introduced to two novels, a few short stories, and some poems through which students may search for Christian values in either characterizations or themes. Representative works include Speare’s The Bronze Bow and Park's Long Walk to Water. Students will become oriented to the structure, flow, and process that shapes the English department's course of study throughout both the middle and high school years at Harding Academy. The major writing forms to be studied are the paragraph and the short paper. The course also includes an introduction to keyboarding, training for study skills, research skills, and an emphasis on higher level thinking skills. Summer reading is required.

English
Grade Level: 7

English 7 is designed to improve the students’ basic grammar skills, to broaden their vocabulary skills, to increase their ability to express themselves effectively through speech and composition, and to develop an appreciation for various types of literature. In grammar, students will concentrate on a study of the parts of speech, the parts of a sentence, and the types of sentences. In literature, students will be introduced to various novels, short stories, and poems through which students may search for Christian values in either characterizations or themes. Representative works include Lowry’s Giver, Taylor's Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry, and Twain's Adventures of Tom Sawyer. During this course students will practice writing skills that incorporate grammar and vocabulary knowledge. The major writing forms to be studied are the paragraph and the short paper. The course also includes an introduction to research, a concentration on study skills, and an emphasis on higher level thinking skills. Summer reading is required.

English
Grade Level: 8

English 8 builds upon the grammar, mechanics, and usage skills the students have learned and provides deeper insight into the value of literature. Speaking, writing, listening, and higher order thinking skills are improved by regular practice in a classroom situation. Units of study include a review of the foundations of grammar and usage, development of personal vocabulary, paragraph and essay writing skills, improvement in reading comprehension, and a study of various elements of literature. Representative works studied include London’s Call of the Wild, Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl, and Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird. Novels, short stories, and poetry provide the springboard for further discussion and writing of Christian values. Summer reading is required.

Honors English
Grade Level: 8
Prerequisite: Teacher recommendation and approval

Honors English 8 is designed for more scholastically mature English students and explores other areas in English beyond the traditional curriculum required for all eighth grade students. The course builds upon the skills in grammar the students have learned by examining them in greater detail, provides deeper insight into the value of literature, and emphasizes composition and higher order thinking skills through literary study. Speaking, writing, and listening skills are improved by regular practice in a classroom situation. The study of literature will provide ample opportunities for discussion and writing about Christian themes important to middle school students. Representative works include Hinton’s Outsiders, Hansberry’s Raisin in the Sun, and Shakespeare’s Midsummer Night’s Dream. Summer reading is required.

English
Grade Level: 9

English 9 serves as the introductory course in high school English, firmly grounding students in the fundamentals of grammar and extending knowledge past the rudiments. In literature the focus is on developing an understanding of and appreciation for poetry, drama, and the novel. Representative works studied include Dumas’s Count of Monte Cristo, Hamilton’s Mythology, Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, and Orwell’s Animal Farm. These and other shorter readings allow students to discuss and write about God’s eternal truths in or missing from characters’ lives. Writing skills are refined through specific units studied and sustained writing assignments, including a teacher-guided research paper. Weekly vocabulary study and higher order thinking skills are emphasized. Students learn specific strategies for taking the verbal section of the SAT and the English section of the ACT. Summer reading is required.

Honors English
Grade Level: 9
Prerequisite: Teacher recommendation and approval

Honors English 9 is designed to improve the student’s scholastic writing abilities, to broaden vocabulary skills, to give a greater awareness of the nature of world literature, and to evaluate literature for the reflection of God’s work in the world. The fact that language is his gift to man assumes a responsible stewardship in regard to it, whether in composition, reading, vocabulary, or other means of expression. Further, studies of literature focus on man's fallen state, tendency to err, and innate need to seek God and his goodness. The course also includes an intensive review of the fundamentals of grammar and writing and a teacher-guided research paper. Representative works studied include Lewis’s Great Divorce, Dumas’s Count of Monte Cristo, and Dickens’s Great Expectations. Summer reading is required.

American Literature
Grade Level: 10

American Literature is designed to improve students’ writing abilities, to broaden their vocabulary skills, and to provide a greater awareness of the nature of the American literary heritage. The major focus is a detailed survey of significant American writings. All major movements and authors are studied with an emphasis on understanding and interpretation through higher order thinking skills. A brief, yet intensive, review of fundamental grammar is given over common errors in English. A formal research paper is required. The study of thought provoking American prose and poetry from the Puritans to the modern age will provide ample opportunities for discussion and writing about Christian ideals either present or missing in the works. Literature selections to be studied include Fitzgerald’s Great Gatsby, Hurston’s Their Eyes Were Watching God, and Twain’s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Summer reading is required.

Honors English
Grade Level: 10
Prerequisite: Teacher recommendation and approval

Honors English 10 is designed to improve the students’ writing abilities, to broaden their vocabulary skills, to provide a greater awareness of the nature of the American literary heritage, and to prepare for the courses of Advanced Placement Language and Composition (AP English 11) and Advanced Placement Literature and Composition (AP English 12). A brief, yet intensive, review of fundamental grammar is given with emphasis on correct usage and punctuation, including the common errors in English grammar. Extensive analytical writing and an expository research paper are required. Representative works read include Fitzgerald’s Great Gatsby, Twain’s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Hawthorne's Scarlet Letter, and Steinbeck’s Grapes of Wrath. Inherent in this course of study is the premise that God made man to glorify him through behavior, motive, and expression; further, that human expression frequently reflects the spark of God that spurs man to seek truth. Summer reading is required.

Advanced Placement English Language and Composition
Grade Level: 11
Prerequisite: Honors English 10

The Advanced Placement course in English Language and Composition engages students in becoming skilled readers of prose written in a variety of periods, disciplines, and rhetorical contexts and in becoming skilled writers who compose for a variety of purposes. Both the writing and the reading make students aware of the interactions among a writer’s purpose, audience expectations, and subjects. Numerous essays and a formal research paper are required. Through the study of rhetoric and nonfiction, discussion about social injustices and the power of language provide opportunities to study God’s word and will. The Advanced Placement examination is offered in May; taking the examination is strongly urged. While the course focuses on nonfiction readings, several novels are also read. Representative works include Strunk and White's Elements of Style, Hosseini’s Thousand Splendid Suns, and Chopin’s Awakening. Summer reading is required.

British Literature
Grade Level: 11

British Literature is designed to improve students’ scholastic writing abilities, to broaden their vocabulary skills, and to provide a greater awareness of the scope of British literature. Because God has revealed himself to us through the Word and has gifted us with language to speak his truths, students will develop communication and writing skills fitting for college discourse. Students will also have a brief, intensive study of common writing errors and will write numerous reflective and analytical compositions. The majority of the year is spent in a detailed survey of English literature, covering all major periods and significant authors. Representative studies include Chaucer’s Prologue to The Canterbury Tales and Shakespeare’s Macbeth and Hamlet. A literary analysis paper is required. Outside reading presents numerous opportunities for in-depth discussion and writing of Christian values and truths. Representative works read include Orwell's 1984, Brontë’s Jane Eyre, and Shelley’s Frankenstein. Summer reading is required.

Senior Capstone Literature and Composition
Grade Level: 12

This college preparatory English class provides Harding seniors with an opportunity to use their skills in reading, writing, thinking, and technology. Students will be asked to read and respond to world literature from a variety of genres and periods, and representative works range from classical works to modern fiction and nonfiction. Students will also analyze the world’s great works through the lens of a Christian worldview. The course of study also includes college preparatory composition instruction and practice. Students will write and revise several types of essays, including narrative, literary analysis, argumentative, and synthesis compositions. Students will also plan and implement an integrative, culminating research project, and a self-chosen project with real-world connection.

Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition
Grade Level: 12

AP English Literature and Composition is designed to improve students’ scholastic writing abilities, to broaden their vocabulary skills, and to provide a greater awareness of the scope of English literature. Because God has revealed himself through the Word and has gifted humans with language to speak his truths, students will develop communication and writing skills fitting for college discourse. Grammar deficiencies will be addressed individually to improve each student’s writing. Students are engaged in the careful reading of multiple literary works including the poetry, drama, and fiction of Great Britain. Such close reading sharpens awareness of language and the writer’s craft, develops critical standards for the appreciation of any literary work, and increases sensitivity to literature as shared experience. Writing assignments focus on the critical analysis of literature and include essays in exposition, argument, and personal narrative. A literary analysis paper is required. Students are strongly urged to take the College Board’s Advanced Placement examination offered in May. Those who score well usually receive college credit, depending upon the policy of individual colleges. Required outside reading also presents ample opportunity for analysis of Christian values either present or missing in authors’ writing. Works include Conrad’s Heart of Darkness, Orwell’s 1984, Dostoyevsky’s Crime and Punishment, and Shakespeare’s King Lear. Summer reading is required.

+ MATHEMATICS

Math
Grade Level: 6

This class provides an incremental approach to understanding, mastery, and fluency in mathematics. Skills include collecting, displaying, and analyzing data, algebraic reasoning, integers, rational numbers, proportional relationships, graphs and functions, percentages, geometric figures, measuring two- and three-dimensional figures, probability, multi-step equations, and inequalities.

Mad Scientist
Grade Level: 6–8

This elective science class focuses on DOING science. The class is hands-on, with students designing and testing experiments, often with real world applications in forensics, engineering, structure and design, and physics. The class aims to sharpen critical thinking skills, encourage and foster collaboration tools, and grow problem solving techniques.

Prealgebra 7
Grade Level: 7

Prealgebra is designed to review students of the basic concepts of adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing whole numbers, fractions, and decimals. Students learn to work with percents and solve basic percent problems, learn to solve word problems using the rate and ratio methods, and discover how to solve equations. Students also learn to work with exponents, variable expressions, graphing, probability, surface area and volume. Each concept covered is presented with the idea that God created man in his image and gave man a mind to use to pursue concepts in a logical and orderly manner.

Honors Prealgebra
Grade Level: 7
Prerequisite: This course is designed for those students who have the ability to solve complex equations and discern abstract ideas at an earlier age. Students enrolled in this course will have met the following criteria: exceptionally high scores on the Iowa Algebra Aptitude Test combined with high mathematics achievement test scores and high mathematics scores for the second semester of sixth grade mathematics. Excellent work habits, ability, and mathematical maturity are required.

Prealgebra is designed to review students in the basic concepts of adding subtracting, multiplying, and dividing whole numbers, fractions, and decimals. Students learn to work with percents and to solve basic percent problems, to solve word problems using the rate and ratio methods, and to solve equations. Students also learn to work with exponents, variable expressions, graphing, probability, surface area, and volume. Students will also develop a sense of the order within God’s creation and find joy in drawing connections that God has set in place from the beginning of time.

Algebra I
Grade Level: 8
Prerequisite: Prealgebra

Algebra I is an introductory algebra course that stresses both the structure of algebra and the development of computational problem-solving skills. Structural properties of real numbers are emphasized. Basic operations of signed numbers and their order of operation are also reviewed. Equations (linear and quadratic), inequalities, polynomials, and functions are simply, yet thoroughly, treated. All these topics and how they come together as a logical system testify to a created, ordered universe that could not be produced by random chance. As students study the properties of an infinite set of real numbers, they develop more appreciation and understanding of an infinite God.

Honors Algebra I
Grade Level: 8

Prerequisite: Students enrolled in this course will have met the following criteria: Solid B (83% or higher) for both third and fourth quarters of Honors Prealgebra, high scores in quantitative reasoning and mathematics achievement on the CTP, and recommendation of the seventh grade Honors Prealgebra teacher. Excellent work habits, ability, and mathematical maturity are required.

Honors Algebra I expands the idea of working with variables and variable expressions and teaches the student to solve many types of word problems that cannot be solved using elementary mathematics methods. Honors Algebra I teaches students to solve systems of equations, expands graphing to include parabolas and hyperbolas, and introduces the student to radicals, radical expressions, functions, and function notation. Just as God created everything and there is order in his creation, there is an order and logic in Algebra I.

Algebra II
Grade Level: 9–10
Prerequisite: Algebra I

Algebra II is designed to help the student see mathematics as an abstract study of the behavior and interrelationships of numbers in a world in which the order in all creation is by God’s design. The student is to learn that God intends for us to live all aspects of our lives in an orderly manner, just as algebra requires the need for orderliness. Systems of equations using one, two, and three variables are examined as are functions, linear systems, polynomials, exponential laws, and radical equations. Various methods for solving linear and quadratic equations are covered. Graphing of linear equations, inequalities, and parabolas are studied, and trigonometry, polar coordinates, and vectors are introduced. Application problems are presented with each concept.

Honors Algebra II
Grade Level: 9
Prerequisite: Students enrolled in this course will have met the following criteria: Solid B (83% or higher) for both third and fourth quarters of Honors Algebra I and recommendation of the eighth grade Honors Algebra I teacher. Excellent work habits, ability, and mathematical maturity are required.

Honors Algebra II is a natural continuation of Honors Algebra I and includes equations in one, two, and three variables. Matrices, functions, linear systems, polynomials, exponential laws, and radical equations are examined. Various methods for solving linear, quadratic, and higher degree equations are covered. The beauty of God’s design for graphing lines and conic sections is studied, and trigonometry is introduced.

Geometry
Grade Level: 11
Prerequisite: Algebra II

Geometry is the study of the relationships God created between both plane and solid figures. Beginning with the most elementary geometric figures of point, line, and plane, a logical system of deductions is formulated as postulates are explored and theorems are derived. Figures created by God’s handiwork, as well as those formed by man, will be studied. Applications of the postulate and theorems will be demonstrated in problem solving and by writing formal two-column proofs. Emphasis will be on logical thought patterns and practical applications of geometric concepts.

Honors Geometry
Grade Level: 10
Prerequisite: Students enrolled in this course will have met the following criteria: Solid B (83% or higher) for both third and fourth quarters of Honors Algebra II and recommendation of the ninth grade Honors Algebra II teacher. Excellent work habits, ability, and mathematical maturity are required.

Geometry is the study of the relationships God created between both plane and solid figures. Beginning with the most elementary geometric figures of point, line, and plane, a logical system of deductions is formulated as postulates are explored and theorems are derived. Figures created by God’s handiwork, as well as those formed by man, will be studied. Applications of the postulate and theorems will be demonstrated in problem solving and by writing formal two-column proofs. Emphasis will be on logical thought patterns and practical applications of the subject matter. The second semester of the course will focus on more thought-provoking and independent work as a precursor for precalculus and calculus.

Introduction to College Algebra
Grade level: 12
Prerequisite: Completion of Algebra I, Algebra II, and geometry in Harding’s regular mathematics program

Introduction to College Algebra is offered to students in their senior year and is to be taken as a fourth year of mathematics. This course is not for students who are in the Honors Mathematics track. The course will begin with a review of real numbers and their properties; exponents and radicals; polynomials and special products; factoring polynomials; rational expressions; and the rectangular coordinate system and graphs. New topics will include equations, inequalities, modeling; functions and their graphs; polynomial functions; rational functions and conics; exponential and logarithmic functions; systems of equations and inequalities; matrices and determinants; and sequences, series, and probability. Students who have taken Precalculus or Honors Precalculus are not eligible to take Introduction to College Algebra.

Statistics
Grade Level: 12
Prerequisites: Algebra II and Geometry

Statistics is designed to introduce the student to descriptive and inferential statistics typically covered in a one-semester college course. Emphasis will be given to organizing large amounts of data, describing data concisely and accurately, basic probability theory, and hypothesis testing. The course will prepare students for requirements of statistical work on the college level. In addition to the content of the course, students are challenged with a different learning and teaching approach, learning by discovery. By working with carefully selected sets of data and through thoughtful in-class activities as well as homework, students learn to discern the relationships found in carefully considering statistical tools and values. This type of teaching strategy places responsibility on the student and encourages higher order thinking. The students will also be challenged to discover the patterns found in God's creation. They will be encouraged to view the larger picture of God's plan while comparing and analyzing information from God's creation.

Advanced Placement Statistics
Grade Level: 12
Prerequisite: Students must have earned at least a solid B (83% or higher) for the second semester of Algebra II and a solid B (83% or higher) for the second semester of geometry.

The Advanced Placement Statistics course is equivalent to a one-semester, introductory, non-calculus-based college course in statistics. The course introduces students to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing, and drawing conclusions from data. There are four themes in the AP Statistics course: exploring data, sampling and experimentation, anticipating patterns, and statistical inference. Students use technology, investigations, problem solving, and writing as they build conceptual understanding. Students are encouraged to take the College Board's AP Statistics examination in May.

Precalculus
Grade Level: 12
Prerequisites: Algebra II and Geometry

Precalculus deepens a student’s understanding of functions. Polynomial, rational, exponential, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions are studied in depth both graphically and analytically. Students will see how these functions are used to model life and be a reflection of God’s character. Students will be introduced to sequences, series, and limits to help prepare for calculus. Students who have taken Introduction to College Algebra are not eligible to take Precalculus or Honors Precalculus.

Honors Precalculus
Grade Level: 11
Prerequisites: Honors Algebra II and Honors Geometry

Honors precalculus prepares a student for calculus through an intense study of functions. Polynomial, rational, logarithmic, trigonometric, parametric, and polar functions will be studied in depth focusing on both a graphical and analytical approach. Students will see how mathematics is a reflection of God’s character and is used to model life. Students will also study combinatorics, probability, conic sections, matrices, and systems of equations. Sequences, series, and limits will be covered to prepare students for AP Calculus. Honors Precalculus is a graduation requirement for students who are enrolled in the Honors Mathematics Program. Students who have taken Introduction to College Algebra are not eligible to take Precalculus or Honors Precalculus.

Advanced Placement Calculus AB
Grade Level: 12
Prerequisite: Precalculus

Advanced Placement Calculus AB is a college-level course that is generally equivalent to a first semester calculus course. AP Calculus AB focuses on limits, derivatives, and integrals using early transcendental functions. Students will learn to look at each area of calculus with a numerical, graphical, analytical, and verbal approach. Students will see how calculus models the instantaneousness of life and the beauty of God’s creation. Graphing calculators will be used throughout the course. Students are strongly encouraged to take the College Board’s Advanced Placement examination offered in May. Those who score well usually receive college credit, depending upon the Advanced Placement policy of the college.

Advanced Placement Calculus BC
Grade Level: 12
Prerequisite: Honors Precalculus

AP Calculus BC is a college-level course that is generally equivalent to the first and second semesters of calculus. The course focuses on limits, derivatives, and integrals, sequences, series, parametric functions, polar functions, and their applications. Students will learn to evaluate each of these with a numerical, graphical, analytical, and verbal approach. Students will see how calculus models the instantaneousness of life and the beauty of God’s creation. Graphing calculators will be used throughout the course. Students are strongly encouraged to take the College Board’s Advanced Placement examination offered in May. Those who score well usually receive college credit, depending upon the Advanced Placement policy of the college.

+ MISCELLANEOUS COURSES

Accounting
Grade Level: 10–12

This elective course is an introduction to accounting starting with the daily activities for a single proprietorship service business and advancing into the more complex activities of a corporate merchandising business. Students will use Aplia.com, an accounting software, for recording all of their daily work and for taking assessments. In addition to the online work, time will be spent discussing Christian ethics in the workplace.

Computer Applications
Grade Level: 9–12

This elective course begins with a basic keyboarding review and moves students into developing competencies in Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, and Excel. In addition, throughout the year students will explore writing code using online tutorials. At the end of the year students will know how to type by touch with a high level of accuracy and speed, create various types of word processing documents, produce meaningful presentations, and maneuver data within spreadsheets. Apple iMacs are used in the computer lab. Students are encouraged to find a way to use their computer skills in service to God and to others.

Etymology
Grade Level: 9–12

Etymology is a class designed to expose students to Latin and Greek word elements (i.e., roots/stems, prefixes, and suffixes) in English derivatives, as well as in words borrowed and assimilated from various languages, in order to increase daily vocabulary and knowledge of the history of the English language. Units of study include examination of the Indo-European language family, English linguistics, histories of various words, recognition of related word elements in various words and SAT-level vocabulary. Word studies provide insight into some of the original Greek language found in the New Testament and history of early Christianity, as well as further discussion about how “the Word (Christ) became flesh (human, incarnate)” (John 1.14 AMP) and about the personal responsibility of using words beneficially, instead of idly.

Fitness
Grade Level: 6–12

Recognizing that God desires the best for His children, fitness is designed to create awareness for the importance of having a positive physical, mental, social, and spiritual life.

Horticulture
Grade Level: 6–8

The horticulture class at Harding is designed to provide a real scape for learning and practicing the original human occupation of horticulture and creative design. Students will cultivate a sense of wonder at God’s creation and develop their own God-given sense of aesthetic and natural beauty by designing, implementing, and providing upkeep for the middle school garden. Through this class, students will be able to explore many disciplines such as biology, math, earth science, physics, horticulture, art, entomology, and parasitology. Harding finds this class especially important as it affirms the Creation Story of Genesis 1 & 2, that God created the world and all things in it, and called it “good.” His final and greatest creation—human beings—were given a garden home in which to live and to work. They were to take care of the garden, and by the power of God the garden took care of them by growing fruits and vegetables in abundance. By tending the garden, humans became "co-creators" with God of sorts. God created the plants with seeds bearing after their kind, but the people in the garden had the responsibility of replanting the seeds and “creating” conditions for optimal growth. Gardening provides middle school students with a fun, outdoor class that also affirms our deep-rooted beliefs and provides for spiritual growth.

Journalism (honors for third and fourth years)
Grade Level: 9–12
Prerequisite: Instructor approval

Journalism is designed to improve the student’s abilities to write clearly, to work under pressure, and to work co-operatively. It also provides the opportunity to learn various facets of desktop publishing, including advanced word processing, page design, and photographic selection and enhancement. Focusing on reporting truth accurately and in a way that will both encourage others and honor God is at the heart of this program. Journalism is a laboratory course, resulting in publication of the school yearbook, the Shield, and assistance with the production of the school newspaper, the Lion.

SEAL (Service, Ethics, and Leadership)
Grade Level: 6

In this class, students learn and practice vital leadership and organization skills as they contemplate their responsibilities within their class, school, community, and world.

Speech
Grade Level: 10–12

Speech is designed to give students a better understanding of the process of oral communication, appreciation for effective communication, and confidence in their ability to communicate well. Communication is studied as it relates to social, academic, vocational, economic, and political aspects of life. Special emphasis is placed on public speaking, methods of persuasion, group discussion, and conflict resolution. Students are taught how to become judicious listeners at an age in which they are daily bombarded with thousands of persuasive messages. All aspects of this course will be taught from a biblical worldview with the goal of equipping students with communication skills that will prepare them to influence this world for God’s glory.

+ MODERN LANGUAGES

Spanish I
Grade Level: 8–11

Harding Academy teaches Spanish through a method called Teaching Proficiency through Reading and Storytelling (TPRS). In the foreign language classroom, TPRS allows the student to acquire proficiency in the target language in a natural, conversational way. Instead of hearing lengthy grammatical explanations, students easily acquire the structures easily through repeated use of comprehensible input as the teacher creates and enhances a story. The students are engaged in the story from the beginning as the teacher asks questions in the target language, ensuring the comprehension of the story as well as integrating different perspectives. Reading stories, novels, and magazine articles and writing in the target language increase the acquisition of the grammatical structures. The strategy of TPRS in the classroom allows the student to use the language in all aspects of communication (speaking, listening, reading, writing).

Spanish I is offered as a foundation course in a useful modern language. The course introduces students to the language, geography, and culture of the Spanish-speaking world. Students will become familiar with vocabulary and grammar that will enable them to read, write, speak, and understand the Spanish language. The students will also develop an appreciation and respect for Hispanic culture and history. Language and cultural studies provide opportunities for discussing and evaluating Christian values and customs around the world.

Spanish II
Grade Level: 9–12
Prerequisite: Spanish I

Spanish II builds on the concepts learned in Spanish I. Students will expand their knowledge of Spanish grammar and vocabulary. Through vocabulary examples, students will analyze verses and stories from God’s word. In addition, they will also, using a Christian point of view, compare and contrast the history and culture of Latin American countries to those of the United States. Emphasis will be placed on conversational Spanish, as well as on the development of linguistic proficiency and cultural sensitivity.

Honors Spanish III Grade Level: 10–12
Prerequisite: Spanish II

Spanish III is designed as a continuation of Spanish II. Practical use of the concepts learned in Spanish I and II will be emphasized through advanced vocabulary, grammar, and conversation. The class will emphasize speaking, reading Spanish literature, studying biblical stories and scriptures, and exploring cultural topics, including current events, history, geography, and art through a Christian perspective.

Advanced Placement Spanish Language and Culture (Spanish IV)
Grade Level: 11–12
Prerequisite: Honors Spanish III

This fourth year of Spanish follows the guidelines of the College Board Advanced Placement Spanish Language and Culture course and provides opportunities for students to demonstrate their proficiency in the modes of communication from the intermediate to the pre-advanced range as defined in the learning objectives in the curriculum framework. The three modes of communication (interpretive, interpersonal, and presentational) defined in the Standards for Foreign Language Learning in the 21st Century are foundational to the AP Spanish Language and Culture course. The course is conducted exclusively in Spanish, and, when communicating, students will demonstrate an understanding of the cultures, incorporate interdisciplinary topics and connections, make comparisons between the native language and the target language and between cultures, and use the target language in real-life settings. As Psalm 24:1 states, “The earth is the LORD’s, and everything in it, the world, and all who live in it.” Students will compare and contrast the worldly views of cultures, connections, comparisons, and communities with that of a Christian perspective. Students are encouraged to take the College Board's AP Spanish Language and Culture examination in May.

French I
Grade Level: 8–11

French I is offered as a foundation course in a useful modern language. The course introduces students to the language, geography, and culture of the francophone world. Students will become familiar with vocabulary and grammatical structures that will enable them to read, write, speak, and understand the French language. Students in this course will also develop an appreciation and respect for French culture and history. Language and cultural studies provide opportunities for discussing and evaluating Christian values and customs around the world.

French II
Grade Level: 9–12
Prerequisite: French I

French II builds on the concepts learned in French I. Students will expand their knowledge of French grammar and vocabulary. Through vocabulary examples, students will analyze verses and stories from God’s word. In addition, they will also, using a Christian point of view, compare and contrast the history and culture of French speaking countries to those of the United States. Emphasis will be placed on conversational French, as well as on the development of linguistic proficiency and cultural sensitivity.

Honors French III
Grade Level: 10–12
Prerequisite: French II

French III is offered as a continuation of French II. The course emphasizes concepts learned in French I and II through advanced vocabulary, grammar, and conversation, while exploring various aspects of the language, geography, and culture of the francophone world in more depth. Students will practice reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills at an advanced level. Language and cultural studies will provide opportunities for discussing and evaluating Christian values and customs around the world.

+ SCIENCES

All science students participate in many laboratory activities throughout the school year in one of the three science laboratories.

Life Science
Grade Level: 6 (For the 2017-2018 school year, 7th graders will also take Life Science as we transition to new course materials.)

This class is a middle school introduction to the Life Sciences, including the composition and function of plants, animals, and other living things. Because students will study science by recognizing God as the creator, they will identify the beautiful aspects of his handiwork through the life he has created.

Earth and Space Science
Grade Level: 7 (For the 2017-2018 school year, 7th graders will also take Life Science as we transition to new course materials.)

General science is a basic study of the three main areas of science: life, earth, and physical. Because students will study science by recognizing God as the creator, they will identify the beautiful aspects of his handiwork and be reminded how all things work in his perfect order. Integrated into the study will be historical achievements in the field and career paths students might investigate.

Foundations of Physical Science
Grade Level: 8

This introduction to the Physical Sciences includes explorations into chemistry, physics, matter, force, motion, and gravity. Integrated into the study will be evidence of God’s wisdom, precision, and love illustrated by the intricately designed universe and the orderliness of our world.

Advanced Physical Science
Grade Level: 8–9

This course is a conceptual study of physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy that provides the foundation for upper level science courses. Emphasis is placed on investigation and scientific thinking as students come to understand the invisible qualities of God that are revealed in his creation.

Honors Biology / Biology
Grade Level: 9–10

This course is a study of basic biochemistry, cellular biology, energy production in organisms, molecular basis of heredity, and anatomy and physiology. Each topic of study is designed to allow the students to appreciate the intricacies of nature, and thus revealing God as the master designer of our world.

Advanced Placement Biology
Grade Level: 11–12
Prerequisites: Biology and Chemistry

The newly revised Advanced Placement Biology curriculum is designed to be the equivalent of a two semester college-level introductory biology course. The focus of this course is to reveal the power and nature of God by understanding the living things He has designed. This is a rigorous course where students will be asked to develop advanced inquiry and reasoning skills through writing assignments and laboratory experiences. The course will center on four “big ideas” in Advanced Placement Biology: (1) The process of evolution explains the diversity and unity of life; (2) Biological systems utilize free energy and molecular building blocks to grow, to reproduce, and to maintain dynamic homeostasis; (3) Living systems store, retrieve, transmit, and respond to information essential to life processes; (4) Biological systems interact, and their interactions possess complex properties. At the end of this course students are encouraged to take the Advanced Placement Biology examination. Those who score well usually receive college credit, based on the Advanced Placement policy of individual colleges.

Honors Chemistry / Chemistry
Grade Level: 10–12

Chemistry is designed to investigate the relationship between the properties of matter and its structure by developing a working chemistry vocabulary, exploring the properties of matter, and mastering the fundamentals of its structure. This lab course is integrated with an appreciation for the universe created by God and the role of chemistry in our society.

Advanced Placement Chemistry
Grade Level: 11–12
Prerequisite: Chemistry

Advanced Placement Chemistry is designed to be the equivalent of a one semester, college-level introductory chemistry course, including laboratory work. An in-depth investigation of the structure of matter, stoichiometry, thermochemistry, chemical kinetics and equilibrium, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, gas laws, bonding, periodic properties, geometry and intermolecular forces will occur. The study of this relationship is integrated with an understanding of God as the creator and an appreciation for the role of chemistry in our society. At the end of the course students are encouraged to take the Advanced Placement Chemistry examination. Those who score well usually receive college credit, based on the Advanced Placement policy of individual colleges.

Honors Physics
Grade Level: 11–12

Physics, because of its cosmological breadth, gives several opportunities for students to develop an appreciation for God's universe and the plan that causes physical concepts to fit together. Historical figures, such as Newton, who developed fundamental ideas in physics, stand as witnesses to the wonderful, complex beauty of God's creation.

Anatomy and Physiology
Grade Level: 10–12

Because God’s glory is revealed through his creation of the human body, this course will allow students to gain a better perspective of the complexity, harmony, and order God incorporated into his creation.

Environmental Science
Grade Level: 10–12
Prerequisite: Physical Science

The course will provide students with the scientific principles, concepts, and methodologies required to understand the interrelationships of the natural world, to identify and analyze environmental problems both natural and human-made, to evaluate the relative risks associated with these problems, and to examine alternative solutions for resolving or preventing those problems in God’s beautiful world. Field studies, as well as the process of collection and analyzing data, are an integral part of the course.

Advanced Placement Environmental Science
Grade Level: 10–12
Prerequisite: Physical Science

The AP Environmental Science course is designed to be the equivalent of a one semester, college-level introductory environmental science course. The course will provide students with the scientific principles, concepts, and methodologies required to understand the interrelationships of the natural world, to identify and analyze environmental problems both natural and human-made, to evaluate the relative risks associated with these problems, and to examine alternative solutions for resolving or preventing those problems in God’s beautiful world. Field studies, as well as the process of collection and analyzing data, is an integral part of the course. At the end of this course students will be encouraged to take the Advanced Placement Environmental Science examination. Those who score well usually receive college credit, depending upon the Advanced Placement policy of individual colleges.

Honors Introduction to Engineering
Grade Level: 11–12

Introduction to Engineering has been designed for students to explore the various types of engineering careers, the role of engineers in society, and the uses of various engineering tools and software. The second semester is spent on developing, designing and constructing a robot to be entered into competition. Students will be expected to evaluate various engineering techniques and design options.

Honors Introduction to Programming (Fall Semester)
Grade Level: 11–12

A Christian Brothers University engineering professor will teach this online dual enrollment course. Students will have the opportunity to earn three credit hours in engineering. It is an introduction to object-oriented programming using graphics in the creation of 3D movies, games, and interactive applications. The course emphasizes algorithmic thinking and expression, abstraction, appreciating elegance, object development, interactive programs, and core programming concepts. This is a one-semester course, paired with the solids modeling course.

Honors Introduction to Solids Modeling (Spring Semester)
Grade Level: 11–12

A Christian Brothers University engineering professor will teach this dual enrollment course. Students will have the opportunity to earn three credit hours in engineering. This course puts an emphasis on the visual aspects of engineering communications, expression of ideas, and development of spatial concepts as related to design. Design is taught using 3-D modeling, parametric design, and CAD applications. This is a one-semester course, paired with the honors programming course.

+ SOCIAL STUDIES

Social Studies
Grade Level: 6

This class studies world history from the creation of the world, through ancient civilizations, through the Middle Ages, focusing on what makes a civilization.

Geography
Grade Level: 7

All seventh graders engage in this study of God’s earth and how people use and interact with it. In this class, students study the regions of the earth and go on to master the skills of globe and map reading and measuring to scale while perfecting their graph and chart interpreting skills. Where applicable, current events are incorporated into the study of the various regional units. Students also acquire an understanding of the different human interactions among the regions of the earth.

American History
Grade Level: 8

This course studies one chapter in the history of God’s creation, examining the United States from its discovery through the period of Reconstruction. Students will explore the social, political, and economic movements that have shaped our country and will develop an understanding of democracy, citizenship, and diversity in the United States.

World History
Grade Level: 9

This course presents a chronological narrative of world history from the development of the earliest civilization to the present century. Among the themes that will be explored are political and economic development, the influence of geography on cultures, the growth of science and technology, the effect of contact among cultures, and creativity in the arts. Special emphasis is given to western civilization for its importance to the development of the United States of America with the intention that students will achieve a better understanding of the world today by studying the events of the past.

American History
Grade Level: 10–12

American history at the senior high level takes a broad look at our country’s past from the Civil War to the present. This course attempts to reveal the rich heritage of the United States and to offer explanations about why the country is what it is today. American history covers a wide range of topics during the designated period including music, sports, movies, military actions, politics, social life, and future trends. This course takes an honest and open look at all the endeavors of this country, both good and bad, and shows both the country’s successes and its failures with an emphasis on learning from both.

Honors African American History
Grade Level: 11–12
Prerequisites: World History and American History

This course will begin by examining the African American experience in U.S. history, from earliest origins in West Africa through current times. The course’s focus will be both how the African American experience is unique in our culture, and also how it is a vital thread in the larger question of American identity—how it is both distinct and similar. Towards the second half of the year, students will begin to examine historical methods—how history is created—through the lens of a large research project in African American history. Through this process the class will investigate the ideas of bias, objectivity, activist history, and more while also using primary sources to create a final research project. This elective course can be taken as a dual enrollment course through University of Memphis.

Advanced Placement U. S. History
Grade Level: 10–12

Advanced Placement U.S. history, a college-level course, is a demanding introduction to American history and culture that requires students to develop analytical thinking, writing, and reading skills. The course integrates political and social history in order to convey the experiences of particular groups within the broader perspective of the American past. At the same time, it connects events and issues from the past to the concerns of the present. Students are strongly encouraged to take the College Board’s Advanced Placement examination offered in May. Those who score well usually receive college credit, depending upon the Advanced Placement policy of the college.

Economics/U.S. Government
Grade Level: 12

Students will comprehend the institution through which societies make and enforce their respective public policies as well as how said societies allocate their scarce resources among their unlimited wants and needs. The intention is to give the student an understanding of the applicable knowledge of government and economics incorporating biblical principles into that study so as to become servant leaders for God as a productive citizen of their community.

Honors Humanities Seminar
Grade Level: 11–12

In a chronological study of Western culture, this course examines art, literature, music, drama, and philosophy through an interdisciplinary perspective. Emphasis is placed on man’s God-given, creative expression as a means of processing and documenting the human experience. Students will gain a better appreciation for the arts as well as an understanding of the way social and cultural values of Western society are reflected in various art forms.

+ VISUAL AND PERFORMING ARTS

Introduction to Theatre
Grade Level: 7–8

Introduction to Theatre is an interactive performance class focused on introducing middle school students to Theatre. Students will begin with an introduction to theatre, including history of theatre. Students will receive broad instruction in basic acting, improvisation, monologues, short plays, and ensemble acting. In addition, they will study the technical side of theatre including makeup, set design, and blocking. Students will be expected to participate in some level in the production of Harding’s play(s). As students learn about the dramatic arts, they will learn how all ranges of emotion and stages of life can be seen through a Christian worldview. The effect that the presence or absence of biblical values has on the characters on stage will afford teachable moments for each student enrolled in this course.

Improv Theatre Troupe
Grade Level: 7–8
Prerequisite: Teacher approval

Improv Theatre Troupe is for students who have a desire to perform theatrically in front of their peers and especially younger students. Students will hone their acting skills as well as practice to work together as a group improvisationally. This class not only teaches acting and improv skills, but also is a performance group that will perform before several audiences throughout the year, including chapel performances at Harding Lower School locations. Through their experiences in Improv Theatre Troupe, students will learn how to perform as one, and use their talents to glorify God.

Drama
Grade Level: 9–12

Drama is an interactive performance class. Students will begin with an introduction to theatre, including history of theatre. Students receive instruction in basic acting, improvisation, monologues, short plays, and ensemble acting. In addition, they will study the technical side of theatre including makeup, set design, and blocking. Students who select this class should be prepared to read, write, rehearse, and memorize. Students will be expected to attend and critique one off-campus play each quarter and to participate in some level in the production of Harding’s play(s). As students learn about the dramatic arts, they will learn how all ranges of emotion and stages of life can be seen through a Christian worldview. The effect that the presence or absence of biblical values has on the characters on stage will afford teachable moments for each student enrolled in this course.

Art
Visual Art
Grade Level: 7–8
Prerequisite: Teacher approval

This course is designed for students who would like the opportunity to explore art for a full year in the seventh or eighth grade. A cross-curricular approach helps students make connections between art experiences and the world around them. Through drawing, printmaking, painting, weaving, pottery, sculpture, and digital imagery, techniques and media are studied alongside applicable elements and principles of design. This foundation prepares students for a high level of success in Art I. Through the experiences of this course students will learn that just as they feel an unmistakable connection with the pieces they create, God as their creator, feels an infinitely deeper connection with them as his highest creation.

Art I
Grade Level: 9–12

Art I is an introductory course focusing on the study of the elements of art, principles of design, and their relationship to one another in a composition. The vocabulary of art and the tools of artists are examined alongside art history. Techniques in drawing, painting, pottery, printmaking, mixed media, and digital imagery will be taught during this course. Art I provides students with new communication abilities and a deeper insight into themselves, others, and their environment. Throughout the year, students will have the opportunity to use critical, analytical, and creative thinking skills, increasing their perception of their environment. Because this course will be taught from a Christian worldview, students will be made aware that they are made in God’s image and, therefore, have an innate ability to build, design, invent, and create.

2D Art I
Grade Level: 10–12
Prerequisite: Teacher approval

This course focuses on the art of two dimensions. Students will create art by drawing, painting, and printmaking, as well as through mixed media and digital processes. Students will focus on building composition and design skills while experimenting with a variety of media and subject matter. Elements, principles, and vocabulary of art and the tools of artists will be examined alongside art history at a deeper level. Because this course will be taught from a Christian worldview, students will be made aware that they are made in God’s image and, therefore, have an innate ability to build, design, invent, and create.

Honors 2D Art II
Grade Level: 11–12
Prerequisite: Teacher approval

Drawing, painting, printmaking, mixed media and digital processes will continue to be used to create art in this class. The course will focus on building composition and design skills at a more complex level while experimenting with a variety of media and subject matter. Students will have more freedom to choose projects of an independent nature in this second year of 2-D Art. Because this course will be taught from a Christian worldview, students will be made aware that we are made in God’s image and, therefore, we have an innate ability to build, design, invent and create. Students will be encouraged to see their artistic talents as a means to God’s glory here on the earth.

3D Art
Grade Level: 10–12
Prerequisite: Teacher approval

3D Art will focus primarily on intermediate and advanced techniques in pottery. Both hand-building and wheel-thrown techniques will be explored with emphasis on creating pieces with both excellent craftsmanship and high quality design. Some sculptural media other than clay will be incorporated into the curriculum to a lesser degree and students may be expected to work in those media as well. The “Potter and the Clay” metaphor will be explored on a deeper level than in Art 1. Students will use their gifts in the ceramic arts to create work to be donated to the Memphis Empty Bowl Project and our annual Cup of Cold Water fundraiser for various organizations around the world. This process of using their gifts to bless others will continue to emphasize that we are made in the image of a Creator God with innate desire to make things that will ultimately glorify him and spread his kingdom reign.

Honors 3D Art II
Grade Level: 11–12
Prerequisite: Teacher approval

This second year of 3D Art will primarily focus on advanced techniques in pottery. Both hand-building and wheel-thrown techniques will continue to be explored with emphasis on continuing to understand what factors contribute to excellent design in ceramics and sculptures. Students will be expected to compete works that are more conceptual in nature rather than solely utilitarian. More independent work will be assigned in this course as students gain the ability to work on their own without as much direct instruction from the teacher. The “Potter and the Clay” metaphor will continue to be explored on a deeper level than in Art 1. Students will continue to use their gifts in the ceramic arts to create work to be donated to the Memphis Empty Bowl Project and our annual Cup of Cold Water fundraiser for various organizations around the world. This process of using their gifts to bless others will continue to emphasize that we are made in the image of a Creator God with innate desire to make things that will ultimately glorify him and spread his kingdom reign.

Honors Studio Art
Grade Level: 12
Prerequisite: Teacher approval

This class is for seniors who are seriously planning to pursue a career field in the visual arts such as fine art, graphic design, illustration, architecture, and other design related fields. The first quarter of the year will be spent working on assignments that involve drawing from a still life. The drawings created in this context are excellent to use as submissions for college portfolios. The remainder of the year will compise projects based on themes and subjects assigned by the teacher that give the student the opportunity to work independently to develop a personal style and to explore techniques with various art media. Because this course will be taught from a Christian worldview, students will be made aware that we are made in God’s image and, therefore, we have an innate ability to build, design, invent and create. Students will be encouraged to see their artistic talents as a means to God’s glory here on the earth.

Digital Art
Grade Level: 10–12
Prerequisite: Art I and teacher approval

Students will learn to apply the elements and principles of art explored in Art I while creating digital art with software including Adobe Photoshop and Adobe InDesign. Students will learn to communicate through the use digital photography and other digital media. Emphasis will be placed on understanding how the print media can affect the spiritual lives of individuals. Because this course will be taught from a Christian worldview, students will be made aware that we are made in God’s image and, therefore, we have an innate ability to build, design, invent and create. Students will be encouraged to see their artistic talents as a means to God’s glory here on the earth.

Digital Art II
Grade Level: 11–12
Prerequisite: Digital Art I and teacher approval

Building on skills learned in Digital Arts I, students will create more complex projects and explore new techniques in the Adobe Creative Suite software series, such as Photoshop, InDesign, Illustrator; as well as Apple’s iMovie. Students will expand on their knowledge of visual communication and design thinking. Emphasis will be placed on understanding how visual communication through design is another tool that can be used to God’s glory. Because this course will be taught from a Christian worldview, students will be made aware that we are made in God’s image and, therefore, we have an innate ability to build, design, invent and create. Students will be encouraged to see their artistic talents as a means to God’s glory here on the earth.

Music
Beginner Band
Grade Level: 7

The beginner band course is suitable for students with little to no experience in playing instruments. The course focuses on learning the fundamentals of playing an instrument and learning how to play instruments with a group. Students will gain essential skills they will need for the upcoming years in band. The beginner band will perform at three concerts and will tour the Harding Academy lower school campuses. Through this course students will learn to trust other members of the band, gain confidence in their own playing, and learn that the talents and skills we are given are not our own doing, but are gifts of God, our creator. Students will begin to know what it is like to be a part of the body and to work as one.

Junior Concert Band
Honors Junior Concert Band (students who are selected for and perform with All West)
Grade Level: 8
Prerequisite: Successful completion of SWE Requirements 1-50 and Rhythms 1-45 OR teacher approval

Junior concert band course is for students who have at least one year of playing experience and are continuing in their journey in instrumental music. Students will continue to master their skills of the band fundamentals and will be given more opportunities to work together as a group. Junior concert band will perform three concerts as well as the WTSBOA Concert Festival. Junior concert band will also have an opportunity to earn a spring trip and perform in a festival during that trip. Through their experiences in junior concert band, students will continue to learn how to play as one and learn to be unified. As the students continue to gain confidence in their playing, they will also feel a deeper connection to the creation process, which God has given each of us.

Senior Wind Ensemble
Honors Senior Wind Ensemble (students who are selected for and perform with All West)
Grade Level: 9–12
Prerequisite: Successful completion of all SWE Requirements OR teacher approval

Senior wind ensemble is for students who have taken their playing seriously and wish to perform with others at a higher level. Through a series of requirements over a three-year period, students that have become a part of senior wind ensemble know the sacrifice that must go into making the group sound the best it possibly can. Senior wind ensemble will perform three concerts, the WTSBOA Concert Festival, and a spring tour festival each year. Students will gain a sense of trust, confidence, and encouragement in being a part of senior wind ensemble. The goal of senior wind ensemble is to grow together through music because God has given us these gifts; and we want to glorify him through our music. The focus is never on individuals, but on the group as a whole. One heartbeat.

Beginner Chorus
Grade Level: 7

Beginner chorus is designed as an introduction to music in general but with a focus towards singing. This class will help the students broaden their awareness of the choral arts and give them knowledge of vocabulary which will be helpful as they grow into adults. The chorus performs two major concerts each year as well as other concerts as needed. Through beginner chorus students will learn that God has given us all a heart of creation and we are given these gifts to glorify Him.

Junior Chorus
Grade Level: 8–9 (honors for ninth graders who are selected for and perform with All West)

Junior chorus is a performance-based class. Rising eighth grade and ninth grade students audition for this chorus. Students will learn to sing in various languages and styles during the year. Students will have the opportunity to audition for All West honors choir. The chorus performs two major concerts each year as well as other concerts. Because this course will be taught from a Christian worldview, students will be made aware that music is a magnificent gift from God, a gift that we not only enjoy by listening to, but also glorify God by creating with our voices. Students will be encouraged to see their artistic talents as a means to God’s glory here on the earth.

A Cappella
Grade Level: 10–12 (honors for those who are selected for and perform with All West)

A Cappella chorus is a performance-based rehearsal class for which students are selected by audition. Students will learn and perform religious and secular music from many periods in history. Students will have the opportunity to audition for regional and state honors choruses. The chorus members are expected to be available to perform for local congregations in the Memphis area on Sunday or Wednesday evenings beginning in the fall semester and continuing through the spring semester. All members of the chorus are expected to keep themselves academically eligible for a performance tour during the spring semester. Because this course will be taught from a Christian worldview, students will be made aware that music is a magnificent gift from God. It is a gift that that can be used for our own pleasure; but ultimately we glorify God by creating music with our voices. Students will be encouraged to see their artistic talents as a means to glorify God here on the earth.

+ DUAL ENROLLMENT COURSES

Honors African American History
Grade Level: 11–12
Prerequisite: World History, American History

This course will begin by examining the African American experience in U.S. history, from earliest origins in West Africa through current times. The course’s focus will be both how the African American experience is unique in our culture and also how it is a vital thread in the larger question of American identity—how it is both distinct and similar. Towards the second half of the year, students will begin to examine historical methods—how history is created—through the lens of a large research project in African American history. Through this process the class will investigate the ideas of bias, objectivity, activist history, and more while also using primary sources to create a final research project. This elective course can be taken as a dual enrollment course through University of Memphis.

Honors Programming (Fall Semester)
Grade Level: 11–12

A Christian Brothers University engineering professor will teach this online dual enrollment course. Students will have the opportunity to earn three credit hours in engineering. It is an introduction to object–oriented programming using graphics in the creation of 3D movies, games, and interactive applications. The course emphasizes algorithmic thinking and expression, abstraction, appreciating elegance, object development, interactive programs, and core programming concepts. This is a one-semester course, paired with the solids modeling course.

Honors Solids Modeling (Spring Semester)
Grade Level: 11–12

A Christian Brothers University engineering professor will teach this dual enrollment course. Students will have the opportunity to earn three credit hours in engineering. This course emphasizes the visual aspects of engineering communications, expression of ideas, and development of spatial concepts as related to design. Design is taught using 3-D modeling, parametric design, and CAD applications. This is a one-semester course, paired with the honors programming course.